Shisha is a kind of embroidery done on top of textile for stitching small mirrors to acquire a pretty design. Actually, the word ‘shisha’ means mirrors. This form of embroidery, known as mirror work, is quite prevalent in India and it is neighboring countries. Initially, bits of mica were helpful to get a reflective surface, but those were subsequently substituted with tiny mirrors. Nowadays, sequins and plastic mirrors may also be used sometimes, but glass mirrors continue to be used plus they are regarded as more inviting and traditional.

Traditionally, ‘shisha’ was made from blown glass, the rear of that has been painted to make it more reflective. Then, it absolutely was carefully cut or broken. It remains used along with the final method is called ‘antique shisha.’ Such components of ‘shisha’ are valued because of the slight flaws that creep in while making glass manually, and the improvement in their shape and size, due to hand cutting. ‘Perfect shisha’ or ‘embroidery glass’, since it is often called, being made on machines, is thicker and has no imperfections of shape or size.

‘Shisha’ should be firmly connected to the cloth so the latter can conduct the load from the mirror or ‘shisha.’ This system works especially well on textile having bold prints in bright colors, where mirrors together with pretty stitches give you a different dimension towards the overall design. Mirror embroidery can often be done to improve the attractiveness of bags of varying sizes, hangings, clothing and household furnishings. Mirrors form an integral part of the complete design. They may form an element of the motifs arranged in geometrical designs or why not be positioned in a very flower.

Simple straight stitches in many directions are applied over the periphery from the mirror to secure it together with the fabric. The perimeters in the mirror are somewhat rough, to be able to contain the thread in addition to the fabric, thus keeping the mirror in their desired position. Traditionally, the fastening of mirror for the fabric is completed through stitches only, without having to use any adhesive or glue. Those decorative stitches across the periphery with the mirror not only retain the mirror set up, but in addition head to form a design component.

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